- Proper name: Nguyễn Khắc Xứng
- Native place: Gia Khánh commune, Gia Lộc district, Hải Dương province
- Positions: Member of the Politburo, Deputy Prime Minister, Chairman of the State Planning Committee
During the resistance war against the US, he was mainly responsible for restoring and developing the North's economy, providing aid to the battleeld, contributing to defeating the US invaders and reunifying the country.
Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị is one of the Party members of the first generations; he lived and worked in the working class. For two times, he was captured by the enemy and was imprisoned in four prisons of imperialists in Hải Phòng, Hỏa Lò, Sơn La, Côn Đảo, but he still showed his temperament as a communist: steadfast and unyielding
Photo: Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị participated in the workers' movement at Cột 5 Power Plant, Hòn Gai, 1926 - 1928
Source: Quảng Ninh Museum
The success of the August Revolution, the whole country entered the resistance war against the French. He was assigned many important positions such as: one of the first 5 members of the Tonkin Military Committee, Secretary of the Inter-regional III Party Committee, and Chairman of the Resistance Committee,... whatever missions he was assigned, he also successfully completed them, which both helped to protect and expand the liberated area and actively support the Central Committee in the Việt Bắc inter-zone. His contribution means a lot to the country's victory in the resistance war against the French.
Photo: Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị and his comrades participated in the resistance war against the French
In 1960, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister - cum - Head of the Industry Division of the Prime Minister's Palace, Head of the State Basic Construction Committee; he was also responsible for "5th route" - the monetary route, in which he was in charge of the unit B29 whose mission was to mobilize, collect foreign currency aid and assist the South.
Photo: Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị
Trusted by President Hồ Chí Minh and assigned by the Party and State to be responsible for affairs concerning foreign economic activities, mobilizing socialist countries to provide material support and equipment for People's Resistance. He successfully completed the assigned missions.
Photo: Deputy Prime Minister Lê Thanh Nghị (left) in the Agreements Signing ceremony with the Soviet Union on providing military and economic aid to Vietnam, September 23, 1967
Prime Minister Phạm Văn Đồng and Deputy Prime Minister Lê Thanh Nghị on a visit to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 1961SHOW
Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị (the first person as seen from the left) at the meeting of the Politburo and the Military Commission of the Party Central Committee. The Party Central Committee discussed the Winter-Spring plan, 1975SHOW
"In his relationship with international friends, he won the hearts of many high-ranking leaders of many countries, was considered as a close friend." (Mrs. Lê Thanh Bình - daughter of Mr. Lê Thanh Nghị)
Photo: Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị and his wife adopted a girl named Măng Vàng - Grandson of Prince Suphanuvong 1 year after his father's deathSHOW
“Once, the Cuban President spent more than half a day personally driving his car to take Deputy Prime Minister Lê Thanh Nghị to a famous cattle farm, Picadura in Havana. President Fidel invited Mr. Lê Thanh Nghị to visit all the farms, passionately talking about techniques and experiences in cow raising... His trip laid the basis for Cuba's support in supplying equipment for the Ba Vì breeder farm in Vietnam later”. Ms. Lê Thanh Bình - youngest daughter of Comrade Lê Thanh Nghị)
Photo: President Fidel Castro personally drove a zip taking Deputy Prime Minister Lê Thanh Nghị (a white shirted man) to a cow farm during his visit to Cuba